PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND ENGINEERING

A RESOURCE GUIDE

Second Edition

May, 1997

Compiled for the

National Institute for Engineering Ethics

by

Ellen Fox, Rebecca Newton, and Jing Li

 

Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions

Illinois Institute of Technology

Chicago, Illinois

May, 1997

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i

 

Engineering Ethics Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

 

Engineering Ethics Organizations

and Centers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

Educational and Popular Films

of Engineering Ethics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Key Resource Professionals

in Engineering Ethics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Preface

This is the second edition of the Resource Guide that was produced in 1990 by the National Institute for Engineering Ethics (NIEE). The first edition was prepared by the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions (CSEP) of Illinois Institute of Technology, with funding from NIEE, and published by the National Society of Professional Engineers. This updated edition has been prepared and printed by CSEP for NIEE, with funding from NIEE. This edition retains the arrangement and contents of the first edition and adds new listings culled from publications that have appeared since the first edition.

These last seven years have brought new textbooks offering attractive options for teaching and an impressive number of important new articles. The journal Science and Engineering Ethics is in its third year of publication, and the Internet has become an important resource. Previously existing centers, such as CSEP and the Murdough Center at Texas Tech University, and Texas A & M University have websites containing items useful to teachers, students, and practitioners. A new engineering ethics center at Massachusetts Institute of Technology exists entirely on the World Wide Web, and CSEP is engaged in a project to put its comprehensive collection of codes of ethics on-line. Accordingly, NIEE plans to make this Guide available on-line and to keep the on-line version current as worthy new publications appear. The policy of screening potential listings for relevance and quality will continue, in conformity with NIEE’s original intention to produce a select guide for those undertaking teaching and research, for students, and for practitioners.

Anthologies are listed without separate entries for each of the articles contained. Like the first Guide, this edition contains a listing of only one code of ethics; the texts of almost one thousand codes will be accessible from CSEP’s website when the on-line codes project is completed later this year. That collection will be continually updated. Available from CSEP are Guide entries 13, 45, 54, 74, 79, 90, 96, 296, 315, 370, and 378.

The first edition was largely the product of the efforts of Dr. Sohair Wastaway ElBaz who was at the time CSEP’s Librarian/Information Researcher. Much of the work of the second edition was performed by Dr. Ellen Fox, a successor to Dr. ElBaz, and Rebecca Newton, CSEP’s Administrative Associate. The work was completed by Jing Li, M.L.S. and B.S. in Mechanical Engineering, successor to Ellen Fox. CSEP’s Director, Dr. Vivian Weil, served as consultant.

CSEP gratefully acknowledges funding from NIEE that helped to make possible both editions of this Guide. The encouragement and patience of Robert Nichols P.E., Chair of NIEE, were instrumental to producing the second edition.

Vivian Weil

Director

Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions

Illinois Institute of Technology

Chicago, Illinois

April, 1997

i

Engineering Ethics Bibliography

1. Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology. Guide on Professionalism and Ethics in Engineering Curricula. New York: ABET, Inc., 1989.

2. Acharya, Mukund, Michael Davis and Vivian Weil. "Integrating Ethics Into a Research Experience for Undergraduates." Journal of Engineering Education (April 1995): 129-132.

3. Alger, Philip L., N. A. Christensen, and Sterling P. Olmsted. Ethical Problems in Engineering. New York: Wiley, 1965.

4. Alpern, Kenneth D. "Moral Responsibility for Engineers." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 2 (December 1983): 39-48.

5. Anderson, Jack W. "Ethics and the Expert Witness." In Compendium of Technical Papers, 56th Annual Meeting of the Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C.: Institute of Transportation Engineers, 1986.

6. Anderson, R. W. "Railroading the Ethical." In Moral Issues in Engineering, Selected Readings, ed. Vivian Weil. Chicago, IL: Illinois Institute of Technology, 1988.

7. Anderson, Robert M. et al. Divided Loyalties: Whistleblowing at BART. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University, 1980.

8. ---. "Applied Ethics: A Strategy for Fostering Professional Responsibility." Carnegie Quarterly 28, no. 2/3 (March 1980): Special issue of journal.

9. Austin, T., and Kenneth A. Brewer. "Contrasting Perceptions of Teaching Engineering Ethics." Challenge to Civil Engineering Educators and Practitioners: Where Should We Be Going?, Columbus, OH, 11 April 1985. New York: ASCE, 1985.

10. Bachner, John P. "Facing Down the Hired Gun." Journal of Performance of Constructed Facility 2, no. 4 (November 1988): 190-198.

11. Baker, Michael A. "Ethical and Legal Disputes Involving Corporate Engineers." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 4, no. 2 (June 1985): 10-20.

12. Baram, Michael S. "Trade Secrets: What Price Loyalty." Harvard Business Review 46 (November 1968): 66-74.

13. Baron, Marcia. The Moral Status of Loyalty. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1984.

 

14. Barry, Vincent. Applying Ethics. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1985.

15. Bartlett, Robert V. The Reserve Mining Controversy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1980.

16. Baum, Robert J. "Access to Engineering Services: Rights and Responsibilities of Professionals and the Public." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4, no.3 &4 (March 1985): 117-135.

17. ---. "Engineering Ethics." Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Supplementary Edition, New York: MacMillan, in press.

18. ---. "Engineers and the Public: Sharing Responsibilities." Professional Ethics and Social Responsibility, ed. Daniel E. Wueste. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 1994.

19. ---. Ethics and Engineering Curricula. Hastings-on-Hudson, New York: Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences, 1980.

20. Baum, Robert and Albert Flores, eds. Ethical Problems in Engineering. Vol. 1 and 2. Troy, NY: Center for the Study of the Human Dimensions of Science and Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1978.

21. Bayles, Michael. Professional Ethics. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1989.

22. Bell, Trudy E., and Karl Esch. "The Fatal Flaw in Flight 51-L." IEEE Spectrum (February 1987): 36-51.

23. Bella, David A. "Engineering and the Erosion of Trust." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 114, no. 2 (April 1987): 117-129.

24. ---. "Ethics, Values, and Organizations: Beyond Functional Behavior." In American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, San Francisco, January 1989. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, 1989.

25. Biggs, David T. "Engineering Ethics and Private Practice." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 2 (April 1984): 65-69.

26. Bird, Colleen M. "Should All Professors Be Required to be Registered Professional Engineers in Order to Teach the Principles of Civil Engineering." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 113, no. 4 (October 1987): 317-320.

27. Birsch, Douglas, and John H. Fielder. The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Business, and Technology. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994.

28. Blinn, K. V. Legal and Ethical Concepts in Engineering. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1989.

29. Boatright, John. " Conflict of Interest: A Reply to Michael Davis," Business and Professional Ethics Journal 12, no. 4 (1995): 43-46.

30. Boisjoly, Roger M. "The Challenger Disaster: Moral Responsibility and the Working Engineer." Books and Religion. (March/April 1987).

31. ---. "Ethical Decisions—Morton Thiokol and the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster." The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Boston, Massachusetts, December 13-18, 1987. New York: ASME. 1987.

32. ---. "Personal Integrity and Accountability." Accounting Horizons 7 (March 1993): 59-69.

33. Bok, Sissela. "Whistleblowing and Professional Responsibilities." Ethics Teaching in Higher Education, eds. Daniel Callahan, and Sissela Bok. New York: Plenum Press, 1980.

34. ---. "Trade and Corporate Secrecy." Ethical Theory and Business. Ed. Tom L. Beauchamp and Norman E. Bowie. 2nd ed, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1983.

35. Boland, Richard. "Organizational Control Systems and the Engineer." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 1 (September 1982): 15-29.

36. Bosehard, Walter, Marita Kersken-Bradley, and Jorg Schneider. "Quality Assurance—A Question of Professional Ethics, Management, or Common Sense." In IABSE Symposium—Safety and Quality Assurance of Civil Engineering Structures: Introductory Report. Vol. 5, International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, Tokyo, Japan, September 4-6. Zurich, Switzerland: IABSE, 1986.

37. Bowie, Norman E. "Are Business Ethics and Engineering Ethics Members of the Same Family?" Journal of Business Ethics 4, no. 1 (February 1985): 43-52.

38. Bowman, James, Frederic A. Elliston, and Paula Lockhart. Professional Dissent: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1984.

39. Brantley, Chris J. Survey of Ethics Code Provisions By Subject-Matter Area. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Engineering Societies, 1988.

40. Broome, Taft H. , Jr. "Can Engineers Hold Public Interest Paramount." Research in Philosophy and Technology 9 (1989): 3-11.

41. ---."Engineering Responsibility for Hazardous Technologies." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 113, no. 2 (1987): 139-149.

42. ---. "Engineering the Philosophy of Science" Metaphilosophy 16, No. 1 (January 1985): 47-57.

43. ---. "Engineering Ethics." Becker, L. and C. Becker. Encyclopedia of Ethics, Vol. I/A-K. New York, NY: Garland Publishers, 309-311, 1992.

44. ---. "Imagination for Engineering Ethicists". ed. Durbin, P. T., Broad and Narrow Interpretations of Philosophy of Technology. Philosophy & Technology. Vol. 7. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 45-51, 1990.

45. ---. "New Developments in Engineering Ethics: The AAES Plan." Beyond Whistleblowing: Defining Engineers’ Responsibilities. ed. Vivian Weil. Chicago, IL: Illinois Institute of Technology, 1983: 228-242.

46. ---. "The Slippery Ethics of Engineering." The Washington Post (December 1986).

47. Broome, Taft H., Jr. and Jeff Peirce. "The Heroic Engineer." Journal of Engineering Education 86, no.1 (January 1997): 51-55.

48. Brummer, James. "Love Canal and the Ethics of Environmental Health." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 4 (1983): 1-22.

49. Bugliarello, George. "Science at the Crossroads." Ethics, Values, and the Promise of Science. San Francisco, CA, 25 February 1993. Research Triangle Park: Sigma Xi, 1993.

50. Calero, Tom, Michael Davis and Vivian Weil. "Responsible Communication Between Engineers and Managers." In Responsible Communication: Ethical Issues in Business, Industry and the Professions. eds. Michael Pritchard, and James Jaska. Norfolk, VA: Hampton Press, 1996.

51. Callahan, Joan C. Ethical Issues in Professional Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

52. Cambel, Ali Bulent and Sandra A. Schuch. "Proposed: An Academic Program in Engineering Ethics." Engineering Education (April 1989): 413-414.

53. Camenisch, Paul F. Grounding Professional Ethics in a Pluralistic Society. New York: Haven, 1983.

54. Cameron, Rondo, and A. J. Millard. Technology Assessment: A Historical Approach. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1985.

55. Camps, Frank. "Warning an Auto Company about Unsafe Design." Whistle Blowing, Loyalty, and Dissent in the Corporation, ed. Alan F. Westin. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1981.

56. Cantilli, Edmund J. "Professional Ethics and the Transportation Engineer." Issues in Engineering: Journal of Professional Activities; Proceedings of the ASCE 102, no. 12 (April 1982): 145-161.

 

 

57. Carew, William E., Jr. "Views on Professional Practice and Ethics." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 2 (April 1984): 70-73.

58. Carper, Kenneth L. "Engineering Code of Ethics: Beneficial Restraint on Consequential Morality." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice 117, no. 3 (July 1991): 250-257.

59. ---. "Ethical Considerations for the Forensic Engineer Serving as an Expert Witness." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 9, no. 1&2 (March 1990): 21-34.

60. ---. Forensic Engineering: Learning from Failures. New York: American Society of Civil Engineers, 1986.

61. Carson, Thomas L. "Bribery, Extortion, and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act." Philosophy and Public Affairs 14, no. 1 (December 1985): 66-90.

62. Cederblom, Jerry, and Charles J. Dougherty. Ethics at Work. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1990.

63. Chalk, Rosemary. "Ethical Dilemmas in Modern Engineering." Technology and Society 9, no. 1 (March 1981): 8-12.

64. ---. "Making the World Safe for Whistle-Blowers" Technology Review 91, no.1 (January 1988): 48-57.

65. ---. "The Miner’s Canary." The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 38, no. 2 (1982): 16-22.

66. ---. "Responsible Chemistry." Chemtech May 1986.

67. ---. "Scientists as Whistle Blowers." Science and Ethical Responsibility. ed. A. Lakoff Stanford. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1980.

68. Chalk, Rosemary, Mark Frankel, and Sallie B. Chafer. AAAS Professional Ethics Project: Professional Ethics Activities in the Scientific and Engineering Societies. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, 1980.

69. Chalk, Rosemary and F. Von Hippel. "Due Process for Dissenting Whistle Blowers." Technology Review June-July 1979. Re-printed in Citizen Scientist by F. Von Hippel. The American Institute of Physics: New York. 1991.

70. Clayton, Leslie A. "Professional Ethics in Private Practice." Issues in Engineering: Journal of Professional Activies; Proceedings of the ASCE 107, no. 2 (April 1981): 105-110.

71. Cohen, Stephen. "Engineers and Social Responsibility: An Obligation to Do Good." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 13, no. 3 (September 1994): 12-19.

 

72. Cranor, Carl F. Regulating Toxic Substances: A Philosophy of Science and the Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

73. Cullen, F. T., W. J. Maakestad, and G. Cavender. Corporate Crime Under Attack: The Ford Pinto Case and Beyond. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson, 1987.

74. Curd, Martin, and Larry May. Professional Responsibility for Harmful Actions. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1984.

75. Cutcliffe, Stephen H. Ethics and Engineering. Working paper Series, Vol. 2, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Lehigh University, 1985.

76. Davis, Michael. "Better Communications Between Engineers and Managers: Some Ways to Prevent Ethically Hard Choices." Science and Research Ethics 3 (April 1997), in press.

77. ---. "Conflict of Interest." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no.4 , 1982: 17-27.

78. ---. "Defining Engineering: How to Do It and Why It Matters." Journal of Engineering Education 85 (April 1996): 97-101.

79. ---. "The Ethics of Re-engineering." Perspectives 15, no.2 (Spring 1996): 1-3.

80. ---. "Explaining Wrongdoing." Journal of Social Philosophy 20, no. ½ (March 1989): 74-90.

81. ---. "An Historical Preface to Engineering Ethics." Science and Engineering Ethics 1, no. 1 (January 1995): 33-48.

82. ---. "Integrating Ethics into Technical Courses: IIT’s Experiment in its Second Year", Proceedings of the Frontiers in Education Conference 22 (November 1992): 64-68.

83. ---. "Is Engineering Ethics Just Business Ethics?" The International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8, no. 2 (December 1994): 1-17.

84. ---. "The Moral Authority of a Professional Code." In NOMOS XXIX, eds. J. Roland Pennock, and John N. Chapman. New York: New York University Press, 1987.

85. ---. "One Social Responsibility of Engineering Societies: Teaching Managers About Engineering Ethics." In American Society of Mechanical Engineers Winter Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, 27 November 1988. New York: ASME, 1988.

86. ---. "Ordinary Technical Decision-Making: An Empirical Investigation", Responsible Communication : Ethical Issues in Business, Industry, and the Professions. eds. James A. Jaska and Michael S. Pritchard. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1995: 75-106.

87. ---. "Technical Decisons: Time to Rethink the Engineer’s Responsibilites?", Business & Professional Ethics Journal 11, no. 3 & 4 (Fall-Winter 1992):41-56.

88. ---. "Thinking Like An Engineer: The Place of a Code of Ethics in the Practice of A Profession." Philosophy and Public Affairs 20, no. 2 (March 1991): 150-67.

89. ---. "20 Ways to Put Life into a Code of Ethics." Michigan Professional Engineer 47 (February 1995): 10-11, 20-21.

90. Davis, Michael and Vivian Weil. "Professional Ethics at the Interface of Engineering and Management." Perspectives 7, no.1 (Spring 1987): 2.

91. De George, Richard T. "Ethical Responsibilities of Engineers in Large Organizations: The Pinto Case." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no. 1 (September 1981): 1-14.

92. Dereske-Jones, Mary Lee. "Ethics of Using Computer Software in Civil Engineering Design." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 112, no. 4 (October 1986): 269-273.

93. Devine, John C. "A Progress Report: Cleaning up TMI." IEEE Spectrum 18, no. 3 (March 1981): 44-49.

94. Devine, Thomas. "Professional Codes of Conduct—The Gap Between Values and Reality." In Electro 187 and Min/Micro Northeast Conference Record: Proceedings of the IEEE Regional Conference, April 7-9., Los Angeles, CA: Electronic Conventions Management, 1987.

95. Donaldson, Thomas. Corporations and Morality. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1982.

96. ---. "A Derivation of Employee Rights From the Right to Behave Responsibly." Beyond Whistleblowing: Defining Engineers’ Responsiblities Ed. Vivian Weil. Chicago, IL: Illinois Institute of Technology, 1983: 33-39.

97. Durbin, Paul T. ed. A Guide to the Culture of Science, Technology, and Medicine, 2nd ed. New York: The Free Press, 1984.

98. ---. Social Responsibility in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Lehigh University Press, 1992.

99. ---. "The Challenge of the Future for Engineering Educators." International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2, no. 4 (September 1985): 85-93.

100. ---. "Commenting on Access to Engineering Services: Rights and Responsibilities of Professionals and the Public." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4, no. 3 & 4 (March 1985): 147-149.

 

101. ---. "Ethics and Scientific Research." Chem Tech 14, no. 2 (February 1984): 71-73.

102. Dutton, R., M. A. Stevenson, and T. M. Dowell. "Radioactive Waste Management: Socio-Ethical Dimensions." In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management, Winnepeg Maintenance Co., Toronto, Ontario: Canadian Nuclear Society, 1986.

103. Eddy, Paul, Elaine Potter, and Bruce Page. Destination Disaster: From the Tri-Motor to the DC-10, the Risk of Flying. New York: Quadrangle, 1976.

104. Elliston, Frederick A. "Anonymity and Whistleblowing." Journal of Business Ethics 1, no. 3 (August 1982): 167-177.

105. ---. "Civil Disobedience and Whistleblowing: A Comparative Appraisal of Two Froms of Dissent." Journal of Business Ethics 1, no. 1 (February 1982): 23-28.

106. Everest, Larry. Behind the Poison Cloud: Union Carbide’s Bhopal Massacre. Chicago, IL: Banner, 1985.

107. Fairweather, Virginia. "$80,000 in Payoffs: An Engineer Tells His Story." Civil Engineering 48, no. 1 (January 1978): 54-55.

108. Feynman, Richard P. What Do You Care What Other People Think? New York: Bantam Books, 1988.

109. Fielder, John H. "The Bioengineer’s Obligations to Patients," Journal of Investigative Surgery 5, no. 3 (July-September 1992).

110. ---. "Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering: The Bjork-Shiley Heart Valve," IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 10, no. 1 (March 1991).

111. ---. "Give Goodrich a Break." Engineering and Professional Ethics Journal 7, no. 1 (March 1988).

112. Fielder, John H., and Douglas Birsch. The DC-10 Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Technology, and Society. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1992.

113. Fielder, John H., and Douglas Birsch. The Ford Pinto Case: A Study in Applied Ethics, Technology and Society. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1994.

114. Fielder, John H. and Jonathan Black. "Ethical Issues in Device Retrieval." Transactions of the Implant Retrieval Symposium of the Society for Biomaterials, Minneapolis: Society for Biomaterials (1992).

115. Firmage, D. Allan. Modern Engineering Practice: Ethical, Professional, and Legal Aspects. New York: Garland STPM Press, 1980.

116. Flores, Albert, ed. Designing for Safety: Engineering Ethics in Organizational Contexts. Troy, NY: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1982.

117. ---. Engineering Ethics in Organizational Contexts: Case Studies. NSF Final Project Report. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1984.

118. ---. ed. Ethics and Risk Management in Engineering, Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989.

119. ---. "Organizational Influences on Engineers’ Safety Attitudes." Applied Philosophy 1, no. 2 (September 1982): 1-10.

120. ---. Professional Ideals. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1988.

121. Flores, Albert, and Deborah C. Johnson. "Collective Responsibility and Professional Roles." Ethics 93, no. 3 (April 1983): 537-545.

122. Florman, Samuel. Blaming Technology. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981.

123. ---. The Civilized Engineer. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987.

124. ---. The Existential Pleasures of Engineering. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1976.

125. ---. The Introspective Engineer. New York: St. Martin’s Press, March 1996.

126. ---. "Moral Blueprints." Harper’s 257 (October 1978): 30-33.

127. ---. "Search for Engineering Ethics." Building Standards 53, no. 4 (July-August 1984): 17-19.

128. ---. "A Skeptic Views Ethics in Engineering." IEEE Spectrum (August 1982): 57.

129. Flumerfelt, R. W. et. al. Introducing Ethics Case Studies into Required Undergraduate Engineering Courses. Report on NSF Grant DIR-9012252, November, 1992.

130. Ford, Daniel F. Three Mile Island: Thirty Minutes to Meltdown. New York: Viking, 1982.

131. Frankel, Mark, ed. Science, Engineering, and Ethics: State of the Art and Future Directions. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, 1988.

132. ---. Viewing Science and Technology Through a Multicultural Prism. Washington, D. C.: AAAS, May 1993.

133. Frantz, Linda Rush. "Engineering Ethics: the Responsibility of the Manager." Engineering Management International 4, no. 4 (January 1988): 267-272.

 

134. French, Peter. "The Practical and Ethical Costs of Corporate Reengineering." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 13, no. 3 (Fall, 1994): 3-19.

135. ---. "What is Hamlet to McDonnell-Douglas or McDonnell-Douglas to Hamlet: DC-10." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no. 2 (1982): 1-13.

136. Futrell, Glenn E. "What Do You Look For in a New Engineer?" Journal of Management Engineering 1, no. 1 (January 1985): 20-27.

137. Gaskins, Richard H. Personal Injury and Public Responsibility. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1989.

138. Gert, Bernard. Morality: A New Justification of the Moral Rules. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

139. ---. "Moral Rules." Beyond Whistleblowing: Defining Engineers’ Responsibilities. ed. Vivian Weil. Chicago, IL: Illinois Institute of Technology: 1983. 259-260.

140. Glazer, Myron Peretz, and Penina Migdal Glazer. The Whistle-Blowers: Exposing Corruption in Government and Industry. New York: Basic Books, 1989.

141. Goldman, Alan H. The Moral Foundations of Professional Ethics. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1980.

142. Goldman, Steven L. "The Social Captivity of Engineering." Critical Perspectives on Non-Academic Science and Engineering. ed. Paul Durbin. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press, 1989.

143. ---. "The Technology of Philosophy and the Philosophy of Technology." Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (1984): 130-142.

144. Goodin, Robert D. "Ethics of Destroying Irreplaceable Assets." International Journal of Environmental Studies 21, no. 1 (May 1983): 55-66.

145. Gore, Luther Y., ed. The Engineer in the Fabric of Responsibility: Materials for Reading and Discussion, Minneapolis, MN: Burgess Publishing Co., 1981.

146. Gorlin, Rena, ed. Codes of Professional Responsiblity, 3rd ed. Washington, D.C.: BNA Books, 1994.

147. Graham, Loren R. The Ghost of the Executed Engineer. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

148. Gray, M. and Rosen, I. The Warning: Accident at Three Mile Island. New York: W. W. Norton, 1982.

 

149. Gunn, Alastair, and P. Aarne Vesilind. "Why Can’t You Ethicists Tell Me the Right Answers?" Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 116, no. 1 (1990): 9-15.

150. Gunn, Alastair, and P. Aarne Vesilind. "Ethics and Engineering Education." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 109, no. 2 (April 1983): 143-149.

151. Hargrove, Eugene C. Beyond Spaceship Earth: Environmental Ethics and the Solar System. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books, 1986.

152. Harris, Charles Edwin, M. Davis., M. S. Pritchard , and M. J. Rabins. "Engineering Ethics: What? Why? How? and When?" Journal of Engineering Education Vol. 85, No.2 (April 1996): 93-96.

153. Harris, Charles E., M. S. Pritchard and M. Rabins . Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1994.

154. Harris, Charles E., M. S. Pritchard and Michael Rabins . Engineering Professionalism and Ethics. (In the IEEE Engineers Guide to Business Series), Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), Inc. in press.

155. Harris, Charles E., Jr., and M. J. Rabins. "Teaching Automatic Control Engineering and Ethics." IEEE Control Systems (April 1996).

156. Harris, Charles E. and M. J. Rabins. "Two Methods for Ethics Case Analyses." ed. Lawrence P. Grayson. Proceedings of the 1993 Frontiers in Education Conference (November 6-9 1993, Washington, DC): 411-414.

157. Harris, Charles E., M. J. Rabins and M.S. Pritchard. "Professional Ethics and Controlling Risks." American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La. Nov. 28-Dec. 3, 1993. Extended abstract published as 93-WA/DSC-7.

158. Harris, Charles E. and Michael J. Rabins. "Teaching Control Engineering with a Preventive Ethics Slant." Vlacic, et. al. ed.. Postprint Volume of the 1995 IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/SEDC Symposium on Modeling and Control of National and Regional Economies. Pergamon in press.

159. Hassler, Paul C. "Engineering Ethics: A University Course." Issues in Engineering 107 (July 1981): 185-191.

160. ---. "Six Years Experience in Offering Courses in Ethics." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 113, no. 1 (January 1987): 10-15.

161. Haydon, Graham. "On Being Responsible." The Philosophical Quarterly 28 (1978): 46-57.

 

 

 

162. Hedley, W. J., F. M. Lunde, and R. E. Nelson. "Proposed Eighth Fundamental Canon for the ASCE Code of Ethics." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 3 (July 1984): 118-122.

163. Hollander, Rachelle D. "Conference Report: Engineering Ethics." Science, Technology, and Human Values 8, no. 1 (December 1983): 25-29.

164. ---. "Environmental Risk." Dictionary of Business Ethics, eds. Edward Freeman, and Patricia H. Werhane. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, in press.

165 ---. "Ethics and the Future of Engineering Education." Education for the Changing Pace of Technology, Winter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Chicago, IL, November 27- December 2. New York: ASME, 1988.

166. ---. "Is Engineering Safety Just Business Safety?" The International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8, no. 2 (December 1994): 15-19.

167. ---. "Why Teach Ethics in Science and Engineering?" Science and Engineering Ethics 1, no. 1 (January 1995): 83-84.

168. Hollander, Rachelle D., and Deborah G. Mayo. Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

169. Hollander, Rachelle D., and John Perhonis. "NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) Program: Possible Models for Integrating Ethics Into Undergraduate Research Experience." Presented at The 1996 AAAS Annual Meeting and Science AMSIE ‘96 Innovation Exposition, Baltimore, MD, 8 February 1996.

170. Hollander, Rachelle D., and Nicholas H. Steneck. "Science, Engineering and Ethics: Characteristics of an Emerging Profession." AAAS Annual Meeting, Boston, MA, 11 February 1988. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, 1988.

171. Houston, Carl W. "Experience of a Responsible Engineer." Conference on Engineering Ethics, American Society of Civil Engineers. New York: ASCE, 1975.

172. Hughson, Roy V., and Philip M. Kohn. "Ethics." Chemical Engineering 87, no. 19 (22 September 1980): 132-147.

173. Hunter, Thomas. "Engineers Face Risks as Expert Witnesses," The Rochester Engineer (December), 1992.

174. Ibsen, Henrik. The Master Builder and Other Plays. New York: Penguin, 1973.

175. Jackall, Robert. Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

 

176. Jacobs, Richard M. "A Technical and Ethical Challenge." American Society for Quality Control 40th Anniversary Quality Control Congress Transactions: Proceedings of the ASQC, Anaheim, CA, 19 May 1986. Milwaukee, WI: ASQC, 1986.

177. Jaksa, James and Michael S. Pritchard. Communication Ethics: Methods of Analysis. Wadsworth publishing Co., 2nd edition. 1994. (1st ed., 1988).

178. Jaksa, James and Michael S.Pritchard, ed. Responsible Communication: Ethical Issues in Business, Industry, and the Professions. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press, 1996.

179. Jaksa, James and Michael S.Pritchard. "Chernobyl Revisited." in Proceedings of the Council of Employee Responsibilites and Rights. (October, 1989): 191-218.

180. James, Gene G. "Whistle Blowing: Its Nature and Justification." Philosophy in Context 10 (1980): 99-117.

181. Jamshidi, Mo, Mo Shahinpoor and J. H. Mullins, eds. Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: Recent Advances. Albuquerque, NM: ECM Press, 1991.

182. Janis, I. Groupthink. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1982.

183. Jaron, D., T. W. Moore, and M. B. Montgomery. "New Artificial Devices, from Laboratory to Clinical Use: The Engineer’s Role in the Ethics of Experimentation." Proceedings of A Special Symposium on Critical Emerging Issues in Biomedical Engineering, Fort Worth, Texas, November 7-10. New York: IEEE, 1986.

184. Johnson, Deborah G. Computer Ethics, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1995.

185. ---. ed. Ethical Issues in Engineering, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1991.

186. Johnson, Deborah G., and Helen Nissenbaum, eds. Computers, Ethics, and Social Values, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1995.

187. Johnson, Deborah G., and John W. Snapper, eds. Ethical Issues in the Use of Computers, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1985.

188. Jonas, Hans. The Imperative of Responsibility: In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

189. Kasperson, E. Roger, ed. Equity Issues in Radioactive Waste Management, Cambridge, MA: Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain, 1983.

190. Keeney, Ralph L. "Ethics, Decision Analysis, and Public Risk." Risk Analysis 4, no. 2 (June 1984): 117-129.

 

 

191. Keey, R. B. et al. Engineering and Society. Christchurch, New Zealand: University of Canterbury Press, 1982.

192. Kemeny Commission Report. Report of the President’s Commission on the Accident at Three Mile Island. New York: Pergamon Press, 1979.

193. Kemper, John D. Engineers and Their Profession, 3rd ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982.

194. Kidder, Tracy. Soul of a New Machine. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1981.

195. King, Ronald S., and James H. Nolen. "Computer Ethics Course." SIGCSE Bulletin (Association for Computing Machinery, Special Interest Group on Computer Science Educators) 17-20 (March 1985): 99-104.

196. Kipnis, Kenneth. "Engineers Who Kill: Professional Ethics and the Paramountcy of Public Safety." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no. 1 (September 1981): 77-91.

197. Kline, Ronald R. "Construing ‘Technology’ as ‘Applied Science’: Public Rhetoric of Scientists and Engineers in the United States, 1880-1945." Isis 86 (June 1995): 194-221.

198. Koen, B. V. "Towards a Definition of the Engineering Method." Engineering Education 75, no. 3 (December 1984): 150-155.

199. Kohn, Philip M., and Roy V. Hughson. "Perplexing Problems in Engineering Ethics." Chemical Engineering 87, no. 9 (6 May 1980): 96-107.

200. Kornblut, A. T. "Interference with Contract: The Law and Ethics." Architectural Record 170 (May 1982): 53.

201. Krimsky, Sheldon, and Alonzo Plough. Environmental Hazards: Communicating Risks as a Social Process. Dover, MA: Auburn House Publishers, 1988.

202. Kultgen, John. Ethics and Professionalism. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988.

203. ---. "The Academic Study of Engineering Ethics," Proceedings of the 17th Annual Meeting, Midwest Section of the American Society of Engineering Education (1983).

204. ---"Codes of Professional Ethics," Profits and Professions. Ed. Wade Robison, Michael Pritchard and Joseph Ellin. Clifton NJ: Humana Press (1983): 225-261.

205. ---. "The Ideological Uses of Professional Codes." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no.3 (1982).

 

 

206. ---. "The NCEE Rules of Professional Conduct," Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the National Council of Engineering Examiners. (1983).

207. Ladd, John. "Are Science and Ethics Compatible?" in Science, Ethics, and Medicine, ed. Daniel Callahan and Tristram Engelhardt. Hastings: Institute of Society, Ethics and the Life Sciences, 1976. Reprinted in the Roots of Ethics, ed. Daniel Callahan and H. Tristram Engelhardt. New York: Plenum Press, 1981.

208. ---. "Bhopal: An Essay on Moral Responsibility and Civic Virtue." Journal of Social Philosophy, Vol XXII, no 1. (1991).

209. ---. "Collective and Individual Moral Responsibility in Engineering: Some Questions." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 1, no. 2 (June 1982): 3-10.

210. ---. "Computer, Informationen und Moralische Verantwortung." In Wissenschaft und Ethik. Heraugsgegeben von Hans Lenk. Stuttgart: Reclam 1991.

211. ---."Computer und Ethische Entscheidungen," Neue Realitaten-Herausforderung der Philosophie. Herausegegen von Hans Lenk und Hans Poser. Akademie Verlag, 1994.

212. ---. "Computers and Moral Responsibility: A Framework for an Ethical Analysis." The Information Web: Ethical and Social Implications of Computer Networking. Ed. Carol Gould, CO: Westview Press, 1988.

213. ---. "Computers and War: Philosophical Reflections on Ends and Means." In Computers in Battle. Eds. David Bellin and Gary Chapman. Boston: Harcourt Brace Janovoch, 1987.

214. ---. "Corporate Mythology and Individual Responsibility." International Journal of Applied Philosophy. Vol 2, no. 1(Spring 1984).

215. ---. "Ethical Issues in Information Technology." 4S-Society for Social Studies of Science Annual Meeting, Irvine, CA, November 15-18. Baton Rouge, LA: 4S Society, 1989.

216. ---. "Morality and the Ideal of Rationality in Formal Organizations," Monist Vol 54, no. 4 (October 1970).

217. ---. "Philosophical Remarks on Professional Responsibility in Organizations." Applied Philosophy 1 (September 1982): 58-70.

218. . ---. "Professionalism." Dictionary of Business Ethics, ed. Edward Freeman and Patricia H. Werhane. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, in press.

219. ---. "The Quest for a Code of Professional Ethics." In AAAS Professional Ethics Project: Professional Ethics Activities in Scientific and Engineering Societies, eds. Rosemary Chalk et al. Washington, D.C.: AAAS, 1980.

220. Ladenson, Robert. A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Professional Ethics and Social Responsibility in Engineering. Chicago, IL: Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, 1980.

221. ---. "The Social Responsibility of Engineers and Scientists: A Philosophical Approach." In Values and the Public Works Professional, D. L. Babcock, and C. A. Smith. Rolla, MO: University of Missouri, Rolla, 1980.

222. Laurendeau, Normand M. "Engineering Professionalism: The Case for Corporate Ombudsmen." Business and Professional Ethics 2, no. 1 (September 1982): 35-49.

223. Layton, Edwin T. The Revolt of the Engineer: Social Responsibility and the American Engineering Profession. Cleveland, OH: Case Western Reserve Press, 1971.

224. ---. "Engineering Ethics and the Public Interest: A Historical View." Ethical Problems in Engineering, eds. Robert J. Baum and Albert Flores . Troy, New York: Center for the Study of the Human Dimensions of Science and Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic University, 1980.

225. ---. "Engineering Needs a Loyal Opposition." Journal of Business and Professional Ethics 2, no. 3 (Spring 1983): 51-59.

226. ---. "Technology and Moral Philosophy" The Paradigm Exchange 2 (1987). Center for Humanistic Studies, University of Minnesota: 264-268.

227. ---. "Through the Looking Glass, or News from Lake Mirror Image," Technology and Culture 2 (July 1987): 594-607. Reprinted in In Context: History and the History of Technology. ed. Stephen Cutcliffe and Robert C. Post . (Bethlehem PA: Lehigh U. Press).

228. Levy, Edwin, and David Copp. "Risk and Responsibility: Ethical Issues in Decision-Making." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 1, no. 4 (December 1982): 3-8.

229. Lichter, Barry D., and Michael P. Hodges. "Perception of Engineers’ Professionalism in the Chemical Industry." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 2 (December 1983): 1-8.

230. Lindauer, George C., and D. J. Hagerty. "Ethics Simulation in Classrooms." Chemical Engineering Progress (July 1983): 17-19.

231. Lindauer, George C., and D. J. Hagerty. "Technology and Society—An Upper Level Course." Engineering Education 74, no. 7 (April 1984): 666-668.

232. Lockhart, Ted. "Safety Engineering and the Value of Life." Technology and Society Magazine 9 (March 1981): 3-5.

 

233. ---. "Engineers as Social Activists: A Defense." Technolosgy and Responsibility. Ed. Paul Durbin. Reidel Publishing Company, 1987.

234. Luebke, Neil, R. "Conflict of Interest as a Moral Category," Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (Spring 1987), no. 1: 66-81.

235. Luegenbiehl, Heinz C. "Codes of Ethics and the Moral Education of Engineers." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 4 (June 1983): 41-61.

236. ---. "Computer Professionals: Moral Autonomy and a Code of Ethics." Journal of Systems and Software 17, no. 1 (1992): 61-68.

237. ---. "Ethical Analysis Using Case Studies." The Practice and Theory of Ethics. eds. Terry Kent and Marshall Bruce Gentry . Indianapolis, IN: University of Indianapolis Press, 1996.

238 ---. "The Nature of Engineering Ethics: Preliminary Considerations." Ethics in Engineering, ed. Stephen H. Cutcliffe. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press (Working Paper Series, Vol. 2), 1985.

239. ---. "What is Engineering Ethics? A Prolegomena." Science, Technology, and Society 36 (June 1983): 1-6.

240. Lugo, Elena. Etica Profesional para la Ingeniera. Mayaguez, Puerto Rico: Libería Universal, 1985.

241. Lunch, Milton F. "Commentary on Access to Engineering Services: Rights and Responsibilities of Professionals and the Public." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4, no. 3 & 4 (March 1985): 143-146.

242. MacLean, Douglas. Values at Risk. New Jersey: Rowman and Allanheld, 1986.

243. MacLean, Douglas, and Peter Brown, eds. Energy and the Future, New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield, 1983.

244. Marples, David R. Chernobyl and Nuclear Power in the USSR. New York: MacMillan, 1986.

245. Marshall, Eliot. "Feynman Issues His Own Shuttle Report, Attacking NASA Risk Estimates." Science, Vol. 232 (June 27, 1986):1596.

246. Martin, Mike W. Everyday Morals. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1989.

247. ---. Self-Deception and Morality. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 1986.

248. ---. "Whistleblowing: Professionalism, Personal Life, and Shared Responsibility for Safety in Engineering." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 11, no. 2 (1992): 21-40.

249. ---. "Why Should Engineering Ethics be Taught?" Engineering Education 71 (January 1981): 275-278.

250. Martin, Mike W., and Roland Schinzinger. Ethics in Engineering, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 1996.

251. ---. "Shared Responsibilities for New Technologies: Engineers and Their Corporations." A Delicate Balance: Techniques, Culture and Consequences. Proceedings of IEEE Conference, Los Angeles, California. New York: IEEE, 1989.

252. May, Larry. The Morality of Groups: Collective Responsibility, Group-Based Harm and Corporate Rights. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1987.

253. ---. "Conflict of Interest." Professional Ethics and Social Responsibility. ed. Daniel Wueste. Lanham, MD: Rowan and Littlefield (1994): 67-82.

254. ---. "Professional Action and the Liabilities of Professional Associations." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, no. 1 (September 1982): 1-14.

255. McConnell, Malcolm. Challenger, A Major Malfunction—A True Story of Politics, Greed, and the Wrong Stuff. New York: Doubleday and Co., 1987.

256. McCuen, Richard H. "A Constructivist Learning Model for Ethics Education," J. Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, ASCE, Vol. 120(3) (1994): 273-278.

257. ---."Difficulties in Teaching Engineering Ethics." Civil Engineering Education 8, no. 1 (March 1986): 14-18.

258. ---. "Engineering Research: The Potential for Fraud." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 109 (July 1983): 185-194.

259. ---. "Engineering Ethics in A Multicultural, Global Economy," Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 117(3) (1991): 258-266.

260. ---."Ethical Issues in Risk Assessment." Issues in Engineering: Journal of Professional Activities, Proceedings of the ASCE 107, no.2 (April 1981): 93-104.

261. ---. "Guidance for Engineering Design Class Lectures on Ethics," Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 116(3) (July 1990): 251-257.

262. McFarland, Michael C. "The Public Health, Safety, and Welfare: An Analysis of the Social Responsibility of Engineers." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 5, no. 4 (December 1986): 18-26.

 

 

263. McLean, G. F. "Integrating Ethics and Design." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 12, no. 3 (September 1993): 19-30.

264. Meehan, Richard L. The Atom and the Fault: Experts, Earthquakes, and Nuclear Power. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1984.

265. ---. Getting Sued and Other Tales of Engineering Life. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, 1981.

266. Meese, George. "The Sealed Beam Case: Engineering in the Public and Private Interest." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1, no. 3 (1982): 1-20.

267. Meiksins, Peter F. "Professionalism and Conflict: The Case of the American Association of Engineers." Journal of Social History (1983): 403-421.

268. Meiksins, Peter F. and James M. Watson. "Professional Autonomy and Organizational Constraint: The Case of Engineers", Sociological Quarterly 30 (1989): 561-585.

269. Mitcham, Carl. Qué es la Filosofía de la Tecnología. Valencia, Spain; Anthropos, 1988.

270. ---. Thinking Through Technology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

271. ---. "Engineering as Productive Activity: Philosophical Remarks." Critical Perspectives on Nonacademic Science and Engineering 4: 81-117. Research in Technology Studies.

272. ---. "Engineering Design Research and Social Responsibility." Ethics of Scientific Research, ed. Kristin Shrader-Frechette. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, Inc., 1994.

273. ---. "Ethics of Science, Technology, and Medicine." The Reader’s Advisor: A Layman’s Guide to Literature. ed. Paul Durbin. 13th ed. Vol.5. New York: R. Bowker, 1988.

274. ---. "Industrial and Engineering Ethics: Introductory Notes and Annotated Bibliography." Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1985): 251-265.

275. Mitcham, Carl and Philip Siekevitz, eds. "Ethical Issues Associated with Scientific and Technological Research for the Military." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 577 (1989).

276. Mitcham, Carl and Robert Mackey, eds. Philosophy and Technology: Readings in the Philosophical Problems of Technology. New York: Free Press , 1983.

277. Morrison, Carson F., and Philip Hughes. Professional Engineering Practice: Ethical Aspects. Toronto: McGraw Hill-Ryerson, 1983.

278. Morton, Rebecca J. Engineering Law, Design Liability, and Professional Ethics: An Introduction for Engineers. San Carlos, CA: Professional Engineering Registration Program, 1983.

279. Mundel, August B. Ethics in Quality. New York: ASQC Quality Press. 1991.

280. ---. "Ethics—Excellence vs. Product Liability." In American Society for Quality Control: 41 Annual Quality Congress Transaction, Minneapolis, MN, 4 May 1987. Milwaukee, WI: ASQU, 1987.

281. Muspratt, Murray A. "Ethics of Professionalism." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 3, no. 4 (October 1985): 149-160.

282. National Society of Professional Engineers. Code of Ethics for Engineers. Washington, D.C.: NSPE, 1993. [Many societies have Codes of Ethics of their own; this is only one of them.]

283. ---. Opinions of the Board of Ethical Review. Alexandria, VA: National Society of Professional Engineers, Published annually.

284. Noble, David E. America By Design. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1977.

285. Oldenquist, A. "Commentary on Alpern’s ‘Moral Responsibility for Engineers’," Business and Professional Ethics Journal 2, No. 2 (winter) 1983.

286. Oldenquist, Andrew G., and Edward Slowter. "Proposed: A Single Code of Ethics for All Engineers." Professional Engineer 49 (May 1979): 8-11.

287. Ostroff, Gary et al. "Can Principles of Professionalism and Ethics be Measured." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 112, no. 3 (July 1986): 170-172.

288. Papanek, Victor. Design for the Real World, 2nd ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1984.

289. Parks, Gary A., and Robert R. McBride. "Competitive Bidding for Engineering Service." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 113, no. 1 (January 1987): 66-76.

290. Paustenbach, Dennis J. "Bhopal, Asbestos, and Love Canal—How They Should Affect Engineering Education." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 12 (June 1982): 3-10.

291. Pavlovic, Karl R. "The Irrelevance of Ethical Theory: The Virtue of Casuistry." Ethics and Engineering, ed. Stephen H. Cutcliffe. Bethlehem, PA.: Lehigh University Press (Working Paper Series, Vol. 2), 1985.

 

 

292. Perrow, Charles. Normal Accidents: Living With High-Risk Technologies. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

293. Perrucci, Robert J. et al. "Whistle-Blowing." Social Problems 28 (1980): 149-164.

294. Perrucci, Robert, and Joel E. Gerstl. Profession Without Community: Engineers in American Society. New York: Random House, 1969.

295. Perry, Tekla S. "Five Ethical Dilemmas." IEEE Spectrum 18, no. 6 (June 1981): 53-60.

296. Petersen, James C., and Dan Farrell. Whistleblowing: Ethical and Legal Issues in Expressing Dissent. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1986.

297. Petroski, Henry. To Engineer is Human: The Role of Failure in Successful Design. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1984.

298. ---. "The Iron Ring", American Scientist 83 (May-June 1995): 229-232.

299. Pinkus, Rosa Lynn. et al., Engineering Ethics: Balancing Cost, Schedule, and Risk—Lessons learned from the Space Shuttle. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

300. Pletta, Dan H. The Engineering Profession—Its Heritage and Emerging Public Purpose. Washington, DC: University Press, 1984.

301. Pletta, Dan H., and George A. Gary. "Is An Expanded Societal Role for Engineers Needed?" Challenges to Civil Engineering Education and Practitioners: Where We Should Be Going: Proceedings of American Society of Civil Engineers, Columbus, OH, April 11-13. New York: ASCE, 1985.

302. Pritchard, Michael S. ed. Teaching Engineering Ethics: A Case Study Approach. Western Michigan University Center for the Study of Ethics, National Science Foundation, Grant No. DIR-8820837, 1992.

303. ---."Beyond Disaster Ethics," Centennial Review XXXIV, no. 2 (Spring, 1990): 295-318.

304. ---. "Conflict of Interest: Conceptual and Normative Issues." Academic Medicine 71, no. 12 (December 1996): 1305-1313.

305. ---. "Ethical Issues in Engineering." Research in Philosophy and Technology, ed. Frederick Ferre (1993): 333-339.

306. ---. "Good Works," Professional Ethics 1, no. 1 & 2, (Spring/Summer, 1992): 155-177.

307. ---. "Teaching Engineering Ethics: A Case Study Approach," Michigan Professional Engineer, (Nov./Dec., 1990): 9-11.

 

308. Pritchard, Michael S. and Michael Rabins. "Preparing Professionals for Ethical Responsibilities: The Role of Universities," (Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M), Proceedings of the 1st International Congress on Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing. eds. Mo Ramshidi, Mo Shabinpoor, and Joe Mullins. (Albuquerque, NM: ECM Press 1992): 215-229.

309. Raven-Hansen, Peter. "Dos and Don’ts for Whistleblowers: Planning for Trouble." Technology Review 82 (May 1980):34-44.

310. Rest, James R. "Can Ethics Be Taught in Professional Schools? The Psychological Research." Ethics: Easier Said Than Done 1, no. 1 (December 1988): 22-26.

311. Reynolds, Charles H. "Principles of Responsibility for Professional Practice." In Ethics and Engineering, ed. Stephen H. Cutcliffe. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press (Working Paper Series, Vol. 2), 1985.

312. Rosen, Bernard, and Arthur L. Caplan. Ethics in the Undergraduate Curriculum. Hastings, New York: The Hastings Center, 1980.

313. Rogers, C. Thomas. "The Ethical End-use Problem in Engineering." Research in Philosophy and Technology, Vol. 8 (1985).

314. Ross, John A. "Social Specifications for the Iron Ring", Professional Engineer 20 (August 1980): 12-16.

315. Sagoff, Mark. Risk-Benefit Analysis in Decisions Concerning Public Safety and Health. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1985.

316. Saha, Pamela, and Subrata Saha. "Ethical Responsibilities of Clinical Engineers." Journal of Clinical Engineering 11, no. 1 (January 1986): 17-25.

317. Sawyier, Fay Horton. "The Case of the DC-10 and Discussion." Engineering Professionalism and Ethics, eds. James H. Schaub, and Karl Pavlovic. New York: John Wiley, 1983.

318. ---. "What Should Professional Societies Do About Ethics." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 2 (April 1984): 88-99.

319. Schaub, James H. "Bringing Practice to the Classroom." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 110, no. 3 (July 1984): 111-117.

320. ---. "Creativity and Engineering Ethics." In Annual Meeting of the American Society for Civil Engineers, American Society for Civil Engineers, New Orleans, LA, October 1989. New York: ASCE, 1989.

 

 

321. ---. "Employment, Ethics, and the Engineering Student." Paper to Annual Meeting of the American Society for Civil Engineers, Detroit, Michigan, October, 1985.

322. Schaub, James H., and Sheila K. Dickison, eds. Engineering and Humanities, New York: Wiley, 1982.

323. Schaub, James H., and K. R. Pavlovic, eds. Engineering, Professionalism, and Ethics, New York: Wiley, 1983.

324. Schinzinger, Roland. "Technological Hazards and the Engineer." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 5, no. 2 (June 1986): 12-16.

325. Schinzinger, Roland, and Mike W. Martin. "Informed Consent in Engineering and Medicine." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 3 (September 1983): 67-77.

326. Schlossberger, Eugene. The Ethical Engineer. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1993.

327. ---. "Group Projects in Engineering Ethics Education." Proceedings of the Gulf-Southwest Section of the American Society for Engineering Education (March 1991).

328. ---. "Technology and Civil Disobedience: Why Engineers Have a Special Duty to Obey the Law." Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (April 1995): 163-168.

329. Seymour, Sally. "The Case of the Willful Whistleblower." Harvard Business Review 66 (January 1988): 103-9.

330. Sherr, Sara I. "Social Aspects of Engineering Standards." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 1, no. 3 (September 1982): 13-16.

331. Shrader-Frechette, Kristin. Environmental Ethics. Pacific Grove, CA: Boxwood Press, 1981.

332. ---.Ethics of Scientific Research. Rowan & Littlefield Publishers: Lanham, Maryland, 1994.

333. ---. Risk Analysis and Scientific Method: Methodological and Ethical Problems with Evaluating Societal Hazards. Boston, MA: D. Reidel, 1985.

334. ---."Conceptual Risks of Risk Assessment." IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 5, no. 2 (June 1986): 4-11.

335. ---. "Environmental Risk and Improving the Reliability of Engineers." Society of Plastics Engineers Spectator 20, no. 1 (October 1990): 18-20.

336. ---. "Ethics for the Earth." Sierra 73, no. 6 (November 1988): 118-123.

 

337. ---. "Future Generations and the Social Contract." Making a Difference: Engineering, Ethics, and the Environment. ed. Aarne Vesilind and Alastair Gunn, Cambridge University Press, in press.

338. ---. "Technological Risk and Small Probabilities." Journal of Business Ethics 4, No. 6 (December 1985): 431-445.

339. ---. "Technology Assessment and the Problem of Quantification." Cohen, R. and Durbin, P. ed. Philosophy and Technology. Vol. 80, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Boston: D. Reidel, 1983.

340. Shue, Henry. "Exporting Hazards." Ethics 91 (July 1981): 579-606.

341. Shute, Nevil. No Highway. New York: Charter, 1976.

342. ---. Slide Rule: Autobiography of an Engineer. New York: Morrow, 1954.

343. Sisson, Edward, Todd Macillan, and R. Williams. "Cheating in Engineering Courses: Short and Long-Term Consequences." In Nineteenth American Society of Engineering Education Meeting, Nineteenth Midwest Section, Wichita, Kansas, March 1984. Washington, D.C.: ASEE, 1984.

344. Smith, Jimmy H. "Communicating Engineering Ethics: What Do We Need, and Why?" In Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education Gulf-Southwestern Conference, April 1989. Washington, D.C.: ASEE, 1989.

345. Squires, Arthur M. The Tender Ship: Governmental Management of Technological Change. Cambridge, MA: Birkhauser, 1986.

346. Stevenson, J. T. "Regulation, Deregulation, Self-Regulation: The Case of Engineering in Ontario." Journal of Business Ethics 4, no. 4 (August 1985): 253-267.

347. Taylor, James I. "Ethical Concepts in Allocating Highway Safety Funds." Roads and Traffic 2000: Proceedings of the Internationals Road and Traffic Conference Vol. 3, Berlin: West Germany, 1988.

348. ---. "Moral Dimensions of Safety Investment Decisions." Compendium of Technical Papers, Annual Meeting of Institute of Transportation Engineers. London, England: Institute of Transportation Engineers, 1983.

349. ---. "Moral Dilemmas in Highway Safety Decisions." Traffic Quarterly 35, no. 1 (January 1981): 85-116.

350. Tillman, Robert. "Professional Ethical Orientation for Civil Engineering Co-Op Students." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 116, no. 2 (April 1990): 175-187.

 

351. Tucker, W. Henry. "Dilemmas in Teaching Engineering Ethics." Chemical Engineering Progress 79 (April 1983): 20-25.

352. Turnock, Terry L. "Public Versus Client Interests—An Ethical Dilemma for the Engineer." Engineering Issues, Journal of Professional Activities 101, no. 1 (January 1975): 61-65.

353. Unger, Stephen, ed. Controlling Technology: Ethics and the Responsible Engineer. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1994.

354. ---. "Bart Case: Ethics and the Employed Engineer." Communications Society 12, No. 3 (May 1974): 11-13.

355. ---. "Engineering Societies and the Responsible Engineer." The Social Responsibility of Engineers. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Vol. 196, 1973.

356. ---. "Ethics in Engineering: A Pressing Need," Ethics and Engineering. ed. Stephen H. Cutcliffe. (Working Paper Series, Vol. 2), Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: Lehigh University, 1985.

357. ---. "Professional Society Support for Ethical Engineers: The Bart Case and a Postscript." American Association for the Advancement of Science 146th National Meeting, San Francisco, California, January 3-8 1980. AAAS Washington, DC: AAAS, 1980.

358. ---. "Role of Engineering Societies in Controlling Hazardous Technology." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering 112, no. 3 (July 1986): 151-7.

359. ---. "Would Helping Ethical Professionals Get Professional Societies Into Trouble?" IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 6, no. 3 (September 1987): 17-21.

360. Vaughan, Diane. The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA. Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press, 1995.

361. ---. Controlling Unlawful Organizational Behavior—Social Structure and Corporate Misconduct. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

362. Vesilind, P. Aarne. "Evolution of the American Society of Civil Engineers Code of Ethics." Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering and Education 121, no. 1 (January 1995): 1-10.

363. ---. "Hazardous Waste: Historical and Ethical Perspectives." Hazardous Waste Managment Conference Proceedings. eds. Jeffrey J. Pierce and P. Aarne Vesilind. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Ann Arbor Science Publication Inc., 1982.

 

 

364. ---. "Rules, Ethics, and Morals in Engineering Education." Journal of Engineering Education 78, no. 5 (February 1988).

365. ---. "Using Academic Integrity to Teach Engineering Ethics." Engineering Education 85, no. 1 (January 1996).

366. Vesilind, P. Aarne, and A. S. Gunn. eds. Making a Difference: Engineering, Ethics, and the Environment. Cambridge University Press, in press.

367. Volpe, Joseph. "Engineering and Ethics: Some Comments." Ethics and Engineering, ed. Stephen H. Cutcliffe. Bethlehem, PA: Lehigh University Press (Working Paper Series Vol. 2), 1985.

368. Ward, David V. "Ethical Issues in Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems." Robotics and Expert Systems, 1985: Proceedings of ROBEXS ‘85, The First Annual Workshop on Robotics and Expert Systems, Houston, TX, 27 June 1985. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina: Instrument Society of America, 1985.

369. Weaver, James B. "Commentary on Access to Engineering Services: Rights and Responsibilities of Professionals and the Public." Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4 (March 1985): 137-141.

370. Weil, Vivian, ed. Beyond Whistleblowing: Defining Engineers’ Responsibilities. Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Ethics in Engineering, Chicago, IL, March 1982. Chicago, IL: Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, 1983.

371. ---. "The Browns Ferry Case." In Engineering Professionalism and Ethics, eds. James H. Schaub, and Karl Pavlovic. New York: John Wiley, 1983.

372. ---. Engineering Ethics in Engineering Education: Report of a Conference, Chicago, IL, 12 June 1990. Chicago, IL: Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions, Illinois Institute of Technology, 1992.

373. ---. "Engineers and Business Ethics." Dictionary of Business Ethics, eds. Edward Freeman, and Patricia H. Werhane. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, in press.

374. ---. "Ethics in Engineering Curricula" Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1985): 243-250.

375. ---. "Is Engineering Ethics Just Business Ethics? What Can Empirical Findings Tell Us?" The International Journal of Applied Philosophy 8, no. 2 (December 1994): 9-13.

376. ---. "Preparing Engineers to Be Ethically Responsible." The Chemist (Jan. 1992): 13-20.

377. ---. "The Rise of Engineering Ethics." Technology and Society 6 (1984): 341-345.

 

378. Wells, Paula, Hardy Jones, and Michael Davis. Conflict of Interest in Engineering. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1986.

379. Wenk, Edward Jr. "Roots of Ethics, Wings of Foresight—New Principles for Engineering Practice." The Bent of Tau Beta Pi (March 1988): 18-23.

380. Whitbeck, Caroline. Understanding Ethical Problems in Engineering Practice and Research. Cambridge University Press, 1997.

381. ---. "The Engineer’s Responsibility for Safety: Integrating Ethics Teaching into Courses in Engineering Design" Proceedings of the American Society of Mechnical Engineers Winter Annual Meeting Boston, MA December 15, 1987. New York: ASME, 1987.

382. ---. "Ethics as Design: Doing Justice to Moral Problems." Hastings Center Report 26, no. 3: 9-16.

383. ---. "Moral Responsibility and the Working Engineer." Books and Religion 15, no. ¾ (March 1987).

384. ---. "Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers: Moral Agents and Moral Problems." Science and Engineering Ethics 1, no. 3 (1995): 403-416.

385. ---. "We Can Engineer a Safer World if We Will." Los Angeles Times Part II (10 June 1986): 5.

386. Wilcox, Glade. "Engineering Ethics: Fee Splitting and Kickbacks." 1985 Frontiers in Education Conference: Proceedings of the IEEE Education Society Conference, Golden, CO, 19 October 1985. New York: IEEE, 1985.

387. Wilcox, John R. "The Teaching of Engineering Ethics." Chemical Engineering Progress 79 (May 1983): 15-20.

388. Wujek, Joseph. "Some Practical Exercises in Engineering Ethics." Conference Proceedings, IEEE Society for Social Implications of Technology (20 October 1989): 104-107.

389. Wujek, J., and D. Johnson. How to Be a Good Engineer: Speaker’s Guide, Lecture Notes, and Artwork. Washington, DC: IEEE United States Activities Board, 1992.

Engineering Ethics Organizations and Centers

1. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Mark S. Frankel, Director
Scientific Freedom, Responsibility & Law Program
1200 New York Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: (202) 326-6600
Fax: (202) 289-4950
E-mail: MFRANKEL@AAAS.ORG
WWW: http://www.aaas.org/spp/dspp/sfrl/sfrl.htm

2. American Engineers for Social Responsibility (AESR)

Gregory McIsaac
P.O. Box 2785
Washington, DC 20013-2785
Phone: (217) 333-9411
Fax: (217) 244-0323
E-mail: gfm@age2.age.uiuc.edu
WWW: http://cac.psu.edu/~duf/social/aegr.html


3. Center for Applied Ethics
P. Aarne Vesilind, Director
Professor of Civil Engineering
Duke University
Durham, NC 27708-0287
Phone: (919) 660-5204
Phone: (919) 660-5219
E-mail: PAV@EGR.DUKE.EDU

4. Center for Professional Ethics
John Wilcox, Director
Manhattan College
Room 434
Bronx, NY 10471
Phone: (718) 920-0442
Fax: (718) 548-4800
E-mail: JWILCOX@MC52.MANCOL.EDU

5. Center for Science and Culture
Paul Durbin, Professor
University of Delaware
Newark, DE 19711
Phone: (302) 451-8208
(302) 451-8194

6.Center for the Study of Ethics in Society
Michael Pritchard, Director
Western Michigan University
230 Moore Hall
Kalamazoo, MI 49008-3899
Phone: (616) 387-4380
Fax: (616) 387-4390
Fax: (616) 387-3999
E-mail: PRITCHARD@wmich.edu

7.Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions (CSEP)
Vivian Weil, Director
Illinois Institute of Technology
10 W. 31st Street, Rm. 102 SB
Chicago, IL 60616-3973
Phone: (312) 567-3017
Fax: (312) 567-3016
E-mail: csep@charlie.cns.iit.edu
WWW: http://www.iit.edu/~csep

8. Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR)

Terry A. Winograd
Computer Science Department
Stanford University
Building 3B, Room 388, M/C 9035
Stanford, CA 94305-2140
Phone: (415) 723-2788
Fax: (415) 723-0033
E-mail: winograd@cs.stanford.edu
WWW: http://www-pcd.stanford.edu/winograd

9.Ethics Center for Engineering & Science
Caroline Whitbeck
Senior Lecturer, Mechanical Engineering
Director of the WWW
Ethics Center for Engineering & Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
3-137C
Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139
Phone: (617) 253-1631
E-mail: whitbeck@mit.edu
WWW:http://web.mit.edu/ethics/www/

10. Engineering and Public Policy Phone: (412) 268-3645
Indira Nair, Professor Fax: (412) 268-3757
Carnegie Mellon University E-mail: in0a@andrew.cmu.edu
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

WWW: http://www.epp.cmu.edu/
http://www.epp.cmu.edu/bios/nair.html

11. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IEEE) Ethics Committee
Dr. Irving Engelson
Managing Director, IEEE Corp. Activities
and Staff Secretary IEEE Ethics Committee
445 Hoes Lane
P.O. Box 1331
Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331
Phone: (908) 562-3929
Fax: (908) 981-9515
E-mail: ethics@ieee.org
WWW: http://www.ieee.org

12. Joseph & Edna Josephson Institute of Ethics
Michael Josephson, President
4640 Admiralty Way, Suite 1001
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292-6610
Phone: (310) 306-1868
Fax: (310) 827-1864
E-mail: ji@jiethics.org
WWW: http://www.easywebinc.com/ch_counts/

13.Murdough Center for Engineering Professionalism
Jimmy H. Smith, P.E.
Director
Texas Tech University
P.O. Box 41023
Lubbock, TX 79409-1023
Phone: (806) 742-3525
Fax: (806) 742-0444
E-mail: jhsmith@coe2.coe.ttu.edu

14. National Institute for Engineering Ethics (NIEE)
Robert L. Nichols, P.E.
President
One South Main, Suite 102
Webb City, MO 64870
Phone: (417) 673-7151
Fax: (417) 673-5308
E-mail: nichols1@clandjop.com

15. Science, Technology and Society Program
Steven H. Cutcliffe
Lehigh University
327 Maginnes Hall
9 W. Packer Avenue
Bethlehem, PA 18015
Phone: (610) 758-3350
Fax: (610) 758-6554
E-mail: SHC0@lehigh.edu

 


 

National Institute for Engineering Ethics
Box 41023 • Lubbock, TX  79409-1023
Jimmy H. Smith, Ph.D., P.E. - Director

Last Update: 03/23/09

Webmaster EMail: niee@ttu.edu

 

[Top of Page]